Multilateral and Regional Organizations


Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD)

The OECD has been analyzing regulatory and policy related aspects of Spam and has organized two workshops in the subject area. In August 2004, the OECD formed an Anti-Spam Task Force composed of a number of experts of different backgrounds from the OECD member countries. The OECD Anti-Spam Task Force seeks to coordinate and improve international policy responses in the fight against spam, encouraging best practices in industry and business, promoting enhanced technical measures to combat spam, improving awareness and understanding among consumers, and facilitating cross-border law enforcement. The Task Force has been given a two year mandate to studying existing and emerging anti-spam strategies across all sectors; develop and promote the initiatives set out in the Anti-Spam Tool-Kit and promote a public awareness strategy in order to support global efforts to combat spam. The OECD has issued the following initiatives and documents:

Ongoing Initiatives

The Anti-Spam Tool Kit
An initiative, which aims to provide development countries with policy orientation and support in the fight against spam. The Anti-Spam Tool Kit focuses on multiple aspects: (i) anti-spam regulation; (ii) international cooperation and enforcement; (iii) industry driven solutions against spam; (iv) anti-spam technologies; (v) education and awareness raising; (vi) cooperative partnerships against spam; (vii) spam metrics; and (viii) outreach.

Anti Spam Authorities Enforcement Contact List (March 4- 2005)
Contains the official designated points of contact of the enforcement and consumer protection agencies of the member economies in charge of enforcing consumer protection and anti-spam legislation.

Publications of the OECD Anti-Spam Task Force

  1. [LINK] Anti-Spam Toolkit of Recommended Policies and Measures (19 April 2006) pdf
  2. [LINK] OECD Recommendation on Cross-Border Cooperation in the Enforcement of Laws Against Spam (Adopted by the Council at its 1133rd Session on 13 April 2006)
  3. [LINK] Anti-Spam Regulation (15-November-2005) pdf
  4. [LINK] Spam Issues in Developing Countries (26-May-2005) pdf
  5. [LINK] Anti Spam Law Enforcement Report (13-May-2005) pdf
  6. [LINK] Outline for the OECD Anti-Spam Tool Kit (Work Plan) (11-May-2005) pdf

Workshops (Organized by most recent date)

  1. [LINK] Anti-Spam Toolkit: “A Multi-stakeholder, Multilayered Approach,” UN Internet Governance Forum (IGF), Athens November 1, 2006.

    Report of the Athens Workshop pdf
  2. [LINK] Second OECD Workshop on Spam, (Busan, Korea, September 8-9-2004)
  3. [LINK] Report of the Workshop (29-November-2004) pdf
  4. [LINK] First OECD Workshop on Spam, (Brussels, Belgium, February 2-4-2004)
  5. [LINK] Report of the Workshop (March 11-2004) pdf
  6. [LINK] Background Paper for the Workshop on Spam (9-February-2004) pdf

International Telecommunications Union (ITU)

The ITU has also been working and addressing the problem of Spam policy among member countries. As a result of the ITU-WSIS Thematic Meeting on Countering Spam held in Geneva from 7 to 9 July 2004, the Strategy Policy Unit of the ITU has created a website entitled: “Countering Spam” that contains background materials, statistics, country reports, case studies, selected papers and news made by individual experts with a wide spectrum of backgrounds and views on the topic, including from ITUís Member States and Sector Members. The website also contains information on workshops & meetings, news log and relevant links on Spam and unsolicited commercial e-mail.

Report by the ITU Secretary General on Spam by ITU Council (9 May 2005) pdf

ITU Background Paper “Spam in the Information Society: Building Frameworks for International Cooperation”. Prepared by the Strategic Policy Unit (2004) pdf

ITU-WSIS Thematic Meeting on Cybersecurity (Geneva, Switzerland 28 June - 1 July 2005)

The first day of this thematic meeting focused on countering spam as follow-up to the ITU WSIS Thematic Meeting on Countering Spam held in July 2004.

Spam Related Documents from the Thematic Meeting on Cybersecurity

2nd WSIS Action Lines C5 Facilitation Meeting (Geneva, Switzerland 14-15 May, 2007) During the second day of this facilitation meeting, a session on spam and related threats took place. This session included latest information on a number of initiatives that have been launched to counter spam, at a national, regional and international level, and provided a forum for the exchange of experiences. The session, which was chaired and moderated by Spamhaus, concluded that: “There is a need for a more practical approach in applying solutions, and a huge requirement for awareness raising. There may also be a requirement for complying testing for ISPís perhaps on a voluntary basis, with regard to their handling of spam.”

ITUís Botnet Mitigation Toolkit


Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation (APEC)

The Electronic Commerce Steering Group (ECSG) is a government related group composed of 21 member economies of the APEC region, which has carried policy-oriented work in the area of spam. In July 2002, the ECSG issued APEC On Line Consumer Protection Principles consisting of a set of guidelines containing among others, recommendations in the area of Online Advertising and Marketing. The ECSG reported in September 2006 during its 14th meeting in Da, Nang, Vietnam that is carrying out a survey on spam among its members; and that is seeking to coordinate work with the Telecommunications and Information Working Group (TEL WG) in order to tackle jointly the spam problem within APEC fora.

33rd APEC Telecommunications and Information Working Group Meeting. Symposium: Spam and Related Threats, April 23-24 2006, Calgary, Alberta

Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation (APEC) Principles for Action Against Spam (June 2005) Contains a set of principles and implementation guidelines to consider when implementing actions in the fight against spam.


The EU Contact Network of Spam Authorities (CNSA) is an informal group consisting of EU National Authorities involved with the enforcement of Article 13 of the Privacy and Electronic Communication Directive 2002/58/EC. The purpose of this group is to exchange information to fight spam, including best practices for receiving and handling complaint information and intelligence and investigating and countering unsolicited commercial mail. The EU Commission is responsible for the CNSA secretariat and the current coordinator is the Office of Fair Trading of the United Kingdom.

Reference: “Cooperation Procedure Concerning the Transmission of Complaint Information and Intelligence Relevant to the Enforcement of Article 13 of the Privacy and Electronic Communication Directive 2002/58/EC, or Any Other Applicable National Law Pertaining to the Use of Unsolicited Electronic Communications” (December 1, 2004) pdf

Europeís Information Society Thematic Portal contains a section on Fighting Spam with information on the EU legislation, news and frequently asked questions to help consumers to protect themselves against spam and phishing.

Communication from the Commission to the European Parliament, the Council, the European and Social Committee and the Committee of the Regions on Fighting spam, spyware and malicious software; (November 15, 2006)